Rwanda has continued to express frustrations with the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo and United Nations Mission in the country known as MONUSCO for falling short of fighting the genocidal FDLR militia in the restive eastern part of the country.
Foreign Minister Louis Mushikiwabo said, “Anybody would hope that a UN mission should not be in a country forever. We want to see results.”
Mushikiwabo was Saturday speaking at a joint press conference with her Germany counterpart, Frank-Walter Steinmeier in Kigali, Rwanda.
The Rwandan minister said despite United Nations spending one billion dollars per annum on the stabilisation and peace enforcement body in DRC, “We have yet to see the results of MONUSCO.”
She emphasised that, MONUSCO “have a key role in the ending the terror of the FDLR genocide militia.”
The DRC, UN, SADC, ICGLR, EU and other stakeholders gave FDLR the deadline of January 2, 2015 to disarm or face military action.
However, UN pulled out of the mission, saying DRC had assigned commanding positions to high ranking army officers accused of human rights abuses in previous military confrontations with rebels in eastern Congo.
The move angered regional leaders, with sources saying, Rwanda and Uganda are looking at other available military options to stop the security threat posed by FDLR and ADF militant groups in Eastern Congo.
“The East African Standby Force is likely to play a key role in neautralising the FDLR should DRC refuse to take on the militant groups in Eastern Congo,” said a source on Saturday.
Mushikiwabo said Rwanda hopes “that those who have made pledges to remove the FDLR genocide militia from Eastern Congo will honour their commitments,” adding, “Military action against FDLR is very important to stop the genocide militia moving about and causing insecurity.”
She further said the removal of the FDLR threat would allow Rwanda to repatriate 70,000 Congolese refugees who fled the militia’s terror.
FDLR’s extremist ideology and radical leaders are blamed for the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. When Paul Kagame’s RPF guerillas took power in 1994, the genocidaires fled to DRC where they attempted to ‘cleanse’ the region of all Tustis.
Thousands escaped to Rwanda for safety. Since then, FDLR have committed atrocities in DRC and also carried out bombings of the Rwandan territory.
The Germany Minister Steinmeier said the impediments to tackling FDLR must be resolved.
“The wounds of the genocide take time to heal, but Rwanda today is so far from that reality and I wish people to know this,” he stated, adding, “When I return home I will tell my fellow Germans about the efforts #Rwanda is making to boost business opportunities
He concurred that Rwanda is an anchor of stability in a region “facing significant security challenges” especially from FDLR.
“We need to make sure that people have a realistic view of Rwanda. People know far too little of this country. Germany looks forward to playing an increased role in supporting African institutions such as the African Union,” said Steinmeier.
The European Union said in a recent report that FDLR have been receiving military and medical supplies from regional actors not to mention an intensified recruitment exercise of combatants.